Inhibition of system A amino acid transport and hepatocyte proliferation following partial hepatectomy in the rat

Hepatology : Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
T L FreemanM E Mailliard


System A, the sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transport activity, has a 3-fold increase in its initial uptake velocity into hepatocytes following partial hepatectomy (PH) in the rat. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of inhibition of System A-mediated amino acid transport on hepatocyte proliferation and liver regeneration. We describe the in vivo competitive inhibition of System A activity following PH by the nonmetabolizable, System A-specific substrate, alpha-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB). Administration of MeAIB 60 minutes before PH decreased the incorporation of [(3)H]thymidine into DNA by 45% +/- 5% and 76% +/- 17% at 24 and 36 hours, respectively. The readministration of MeAIB every 12 hours further decreased DNA synthesis by 92% +/- 18% and 82% +/- 11% at 24 and 36 hours. The recovery of liver mass of rats receiving MeAIB was decreased by 46.4% +/- 5.1% at 24 hours after PH. In vitro, 5 mmol/L MeAIB inhibited proliferation of primary hepatocytes by 56% +/- 4% and 61% +/- 12% 48 hours after incubation with 10% fetal calf serum or epidermal growth factor (5 ng/mL), respectively. Thus, MeAIB inhibition of System A transport activity decreased both in vivo and in vitro inducement of hepatocyte pr...Continue Reading


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