Nov 8, 2018

Inhibition of the 60S ribosome biogenesis GTPase LSG1 causes endoplasmic reticular disruption and cellular senescence

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Asimina PantaziAndy Finch

Abstract

Cellular senescence is triggered by diverse stimuli and is characterised by long-term growth arrest and secretion of cytokines and chemokines (termed the SASP - senescence-associated secretory phenotype). Senescence can be organismally beneficial as it can prevent the propagation of damaged or mutated clones and stimulate their clearance by immune cells. However, it has recently become clear that senescence also contributes to the pathophysiology of aging through the accumulation of damaged cells within tissues. Here we describe that inhibition of the reaction catalysed by LSG1, a GTPase involved in the biogenesis of the 60S ribosomal subunit, leads to a robust induction of cellular senescence. Perhaps surprisingly, this was not due to ribosome depletion or translational insufficiency, but rather through perturbation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis and a dramatic upregulation of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. This cholesterol/ER signature is shared with several other forms of senescence and contributes to the cell cycle arrest in oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). Furthermore, targetting of LSG1 resulted in amplification of the cholesterol/ER signature and restoration of a robust cellular senescence response in...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Oncogene-induced Senescence
Biochemical Pathway
Cell Aging
Immune Effector Cell
Cholesterol Biosynthetic Process
Ribosome Subunits, Large, Eukaryotic
Chemokine
Protein Biosynthesis
Gene Amplification Technique
Process of Secretion

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Aging Genetics (Keystone)

This feed focuses on aging epidemiology and genetic, epigenetic, and proteomic aspects underlying aging, as well as aging- associated biomarkers. Here the latest research in this domain.

Aging Genetics

This feed focuses on aging epidemiology and genetic, epigenetic, and proteomic aspects underlying aging, as well as aging- associated biomarkers. Here the latest research in this domain.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Cell Aging (Preprints)

This feed focuses on cellular aging with emphasis on the mitochondria, autophagy, and metabolic processes associated with aging and longevity. Here is the latest research on cell aging.