Inhibition of the expression of the starch synthase II gene leads to lower pasting temperature in sweetpotato starch

Plant Cell Reports
Yasuhiro TakahataMasaru Yoshinaga

Abstract

The sweetpotato cultivar Quick Sweet (QS) with a lower pasting temperature of starch is a unique breeding material, but the biochemical background of this property has been unknown. To assess the physiological impact of the reduced isoform II activity of starch synthase (SSII) on the starch properties in sweetpotato storage root, transgenic sweetpotato plants with reduced expressions of the SSII gene were generated and evaluated. All of the starches from transgenic plants showed lower pasting temperatures and breakdown measured by a Rapid Visco Analyzer. The pasting temperatures in transgenic plants were approximately 10-15 degrees C lower than in wild-type plants. Distribution of the amylopectin chain length of the transgenic lines showed marked differences compared to that in wild-type plants: more chains with degree of polymerization (DP) 6-11 and fewer chains with DP 13-25. The starch granules from the storage root of transgenic plants showed cracking on the hilum, while those from wild-type plants appeared to be typical sweetpotato starch. In accordance with these observations, the expression of SSII in the storage roots of the sweetpotato cultivar with low pasting temperature starch (QS) was notably lower than in cultivar...Continue Reading

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Feb 27, 2016·Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB·Zhihui GuanWenquan Wang
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