Inhibition of the vascular actions of IgG aggregates by BN 52021, a highly specific antagonist of paf-acether

Immunopharmacology
M Sánchez-CrespoP Braquet

Abstract

The effect of BN 52021, a selective antagonist of paf-acether (Braquet GB patent 8, 418, 424 July 19, 1984), was studied in normotensive rats challenged with different doses of paf-acether. Sudden death was observed in animals receiving an i.v. dose of 10 micrograms/kg of paf-acether and this was prevented by prior treatment with BN 52021 (5 mg/kg, i.v.). Animals receiving 2.5 micrograms/kg of paf-acether had a fall of mean arterial pressure of 92.5 +/- 4.7 mmHg which recovered to the prechallenge level 20.5 +/- 0.2 min thereafter. Previous treatment with BN 52021 (5 mg/kg, i.v.) reduced the mean arterial pressure fall to 47 +/- 0.9 mmHg and the time of recovery to 5.7 +/- 1.7 min. The extravasation of 125I-bovine serum albumin under the above conditions was reduced by BN 52021 from 36 +/- 3 to 18 +/- 3%. A lower dose of BN 52021 (1 mg/kg, i.v.) was also effective in reducing later extravasation, but was unable to prevent the extravasation which appears up to 10 min after the injection of paf-acether. To extend these findings to a model of endogenous production of paf-acether, other animals were challenged with soluble aggregates of human IgG (40 mg/kg, i.v.; Iñarrea et al., Immunopharmacology 6:7, 1983).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT ...Continue Reading

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