PMID: 8413840Aug 1, 1993Paper

Inhibitory effect of 4-phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline on locomotion and dopamine release induced by micro-injection of methamphetamine into the nucleus accumbens of the rat

M TateyamaH Ono


The inhibitory effects of 4-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (4-PTIQ) on methamphetamine-induced increases in dopamine and locomotion were investigated. Methamphetamine hydrochloride (10 micrograms) microinjected into the nucleus accumbens increased both locomotor activity and extracellular dopamine levels, measured by the brain microdialysis method. 4-PTIQ hydrochloride (20 micrograms) co-injected with methamphetamine inhibited both the increase in dopamine and the locomotor activity. The uptake blocker cocaine hydrochloride (20 micrograms) co-injected with methamphetamine failed to inhibit the effect of methamphetamine. Thus 4-PTIQ but not cocaine inhibited the dopamine-releasing effect of methamphetamine, and 4-PTIQ is suggested to block methamphetamine-induced locomotion by inhibition of dopamine release.


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