Aug 1, 1989

Inhibitory effect of alpha 2-macroglobulin on Vibrio vulnificus protease

Journal of Biochemistry
S Miyoshi, S Shinoda


Vibrio vulnificus, an etiologic agent of wound infections and septicemia in humans, elaborates a metalloprotease which is known to be an important virulence factor of the Vibrio. The proteolytic activity of V. vulnificus metalloprotease (VVP) toward casein and elastin was inhibited by alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2 M) at the molar ratio of 1:1, although partial activity was maintained. Permeability-enhancing and hemorrhagic activities were also inhibited, but the peptidase activity toward Z-Gly-Phe-NH2 was not reduced, even by an excess amount of alpha 2 M. VVP formed a complex with alpha 2 M through cleavage of the bait regions of all four alpha 2 M subunits and elicitation of conformational change of the alpha 2 M molecule, which resulted in entrapment of VVP in the alpha 2 M molecule. The peptidase activity of alpha 2 M-VVP complex was inhibited by low-molecular-weight inhibitors such as phosphoramidon, but IgG antibody against VVP failed to neutralize its peptidase activity. Of human plasma proteins, alpha 2 M was the only inhibitor for VVP. These findings indicate that VVP produced during V. vulnificus infection is inactivated by plasma alpha 2 M that leaks from the vascular system.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Alpha 1-Acute Phase Globulin
ELN gene
Peptide Hydrolases
Vibrio vulnificus
Macromolecular Alteration
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum

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