PMID: 23114131Nov 2, 2012Paper

Inhibitory effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 on multiple myeloma MM1R cells in vitro

Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
Ling ZhangMing-Xing Chang

Abstract

This study was purposed to explore the effect of a new generation of histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 alone or combined with bortezomib (Bor) on multiple myeloma cells (MM1R) in vitro. The effect of LBH589 (10, 20, 50 nmol/L) alone or combined with Bor (10, 20 nmol/L) on MM1R proliferation was detected by MTT method; the effect of LBH589 on cell cycle and apoptosis of MM1R cells were determined by flow cytometry; the histone H4 acetylation level of MM1R cells treated with LBH589 (10, 20, 50 nmol/L) for 24 h was analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that the LBH589 alone or combined with Bor all could inhibit the proliferation of MM1R cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. After MM1R cells were treated with drugs for 48 h, the cells in G(0)/G(1) phase increased, the cells in G(2)/M and S phase decreased, suggesting the arrest of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase, at the same time, the apoptosis rate of MM1R cells treated with drugs increased in a concentration-dependent manner, while the effect of LBH589 combined with Bor was more obvious than that of LBH589 alone (P < 0.001). Western blot analysis showed that the histone H4 acetylation level was enhanced in concentration-dependent manner after MM1R cells were tr...Continue Reading

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