PMID: 2384623Aug 1, 1990

Inhibitory effect of human plasma and saliva on co-aggregation between Bacteroides gingivalis and Streptococcus mitis

Journal of Dental Research
H NagataA Tsunemitsu


The effect of human plasma and saliva on co-aggregation between Bacteroides gingivalis and Streptococcus mitis was studied by means of a turbidimetric assay. The co-aggregation activity was obtained from the maximum slope of the absorbance vs. time curve. Its dependence on pH, temperature, and ionic strength was examined, and the number of Bacteroides cells in relation to the number of Streptococcus cells resulting in optimal co-aggregation was established. Co-aggregation inhibition experiments showed that the co-aggregation activity was inhibited by l-arginine and l-lysine, although the activity was unaffected by the sugars tested. Human plasma and saliva were able to inhibit the co-aggregation in a dose-dependent reaction. Plasma exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity in these fluids. Fibrinogen was the most potent inhibitor of the plasma-derived proteins tested. These data suggest the possibility that the oral fluids may modulate the attachment of B. gingivalis to Gram-positive bacteria in periodontal pockets.


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