Inhibitory effect of periodontally diseased root extracts on the growth of human gingival fibroblasts

Journal of Periodontology
R H OlsonD L Layman


Cementum shavings obtained from periodontally diseased and nondiseased areas of 100 removed, single-rooted teeth were extracted with either pyrogen-free water (PFW) for 5 minutes, 1 M citric acid for 5 minutes or 45% phenol-PFW for 90 minutes at 65 degrees C. The extracts were membrane-filtered, dialyzed exhaustively versus PFW, lyophilized, weighed and then dissolved in complete growth medium. The phenol-water or citric acid extracts of cementum shavings from periodontally diseased roots were positive for endotoxin by the limulus lysate assay (LLA). Pyrogen-free water extracts of diseased or phenol-water extracts of nondiseased cementum shavings were negative, or only slightly positive, respectively, for endotoxin by LLA. Media containing the various extracts were added to logarithmically growing cultures of human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). Separate cultures of HGF were exposed to Escherichia coli endotoxin at concentrations of 50, 100, 250 and 500 micrograms/ml to determine the growth-inhibitory effects of a known endotoxin. Cell growth was analyzed by measuring the incorporation of tritiated thymidine into cells. Suppression of HGF growth from 30 to 49% by E. coli endotoxin was concentration-dependent and linear over the co...Continue Reading


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