Apr 16, 1985

Inhibitory effects of alpha, beta-methylene ATP on nerve-mediated contractions of the nictitating membrane in reserpinised cats

European Journal of Pharmacology
N DuvalS Z Langer

Abstract

Residual responses of the cat nictitating membrane to nerve stimulation were obtained after reserpine pretreatment (40% of controls), in spite of a pronounced reduction in noradrenaline content. The putative ATP-receptor desensitising agent alpha, beta-methylene ATP (alpha, beta-MATP), administered intraarterially through the lingual artery produced a contraction of the nictitating membrane and subsequently inhibited the residual responses evoked by sympathetic nerve stimulation in reserpinised cats. These doses of alpha, beta-MATP did not modify the contractions evoked by exogenous noradrenaline (i.a.) but antagonized the contractions of the nictitating membrane elicited by beta, gamma-methylene ATP, which is an agonist at P2 receptors. These results are compatible with a co-transmitter role for ATP in the neurally mediated contractile responses of the nictitating membrane following depletion of endogenous noradrenaline stores by pretreatment with reserpine.

Mentioned in this Paper

Sympathetic Nervous System
Neurons
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
V-Serp
Nictitating Membrane
Atropen
L-beta,gamma-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate
Inotropism
magnesium-(alpha, beta-methylene)ATP
Atropine Sulfate Anhydrous

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.