Initial rate kinetic analysis of the mechanism of initiation complex formation and the role of initiation factor IF-3

Biochemistry
C O GualerziC L Pon

Abstract

Initial rate kinetics of the formation of ternary complexes of Escherichia coli 30S ribosomal subunits, poly(uridylic acid), and N-acetylphenylalanyl transfer ribonucleic acid in the presence and in the absence of IF-3 are consistent with the hypothesis that the ternary complex is formed through a random order of addition of polynucleotide and aminoacyl-tRNA to separate and independent binding sites on the 30S ribosomes. The transformation of an intermediate into a stable ternary complex which probably entails a rearrangement of the ribosome structure leading to a codon-anticodon interaction represents the rate-limiting step in the formation of the ternary complex. The rate constant of this transformation, as well as the association constants for the formation of the 30S-poly(U) and 30S-N-AcPhe-tRNA binary complexes, are enhanced by the presence of IF-3 which acts as a kinetic effector on reactions which are intrinsic properties of the 30S ribosome. The IF-3-induced modification of these kinetic parameters of the 30S ribosomal subunit can per se explain the effect of IF-3 on protein synthesis without invoking a specific action at the level of the mRNA-ribosome interaction. This seems to be confirmed by the finding that IF-3 can...Continue Reading

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