PMID: 7601644Jul 1, 1995Paper

Innervation of myofibroblast-like scleral spur cells in human monkey eyes

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
E TammE Lütjen-Drecoll


To study the innervation of the presumably contractile, myofibroblast-like scleral spur cells in human and cynomolgus monkey eyes. Serial tangential sections of the scleral spur region of the eyes of 16 human donors and 6 cynomolgus monkeys were investigated with immunocytochemical methods. Antibodies against acetylcholinesterase, synaptophysin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), substance P (SP), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were used. In addition, sections were processed for glyoxylic acid-induced catecholamine fluorescence (CF) and for NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d). In the eyes of both species, circumferentially oriented varicose axons were observed in the scleral spur region of all quadrants. Double labeling showed that most of these scleral spur axons were in close contact with the alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive, myofibroblast-like scleral spur cells. In human eyes, the axons showed like-immunoreactivity (LI) for SP, CGRP, NPY, VIP, and NOS. In addition, numerous scleral spur axons stained for NADPH-d. Most SP-LI scleral spur axons were double-labeled for CGRP-LI, and none for VIP-LI. All NPY-LI scleral...Continue Reading

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