Sep 6, 2018

Innovation for hepatotoxicity in vitro research models: A review

Journal of Applied Toxicology : JAT
Weijia HanZhongping Duan

Abstract

Many categories of drugs can induce hepatotoxicity, so improving the prediction of toxic drugs is important. In vitro models using human hepatocytes are more accurate than in vivo animal models. Good in vitro models require an abundance of metabolic enzyme activities and normal cellular polarity. However, none of the in vitro models can completely simulate hepatocytes in the human body. There are two ways to overcome this limitation: enhancing the metabolic function of hepatocytes and changing the cultural environment. In this review, we summarize the current state of research, including the main characteristics of in vitro models and their limitations, as well as improved technology and developmental prospects. We hope that this review provides some new ideas for hepatotoxicity research.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
In Vivo
Research
toxicant
Environment
Enzyme Activity
Pharmacologic Substance
Hepatotoxicity
Establishment of Cell Polarity
Human Body Structure

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