Aug 19, 1975

Inotropic and electrophysiological actions of verapamil and D 600 in mammalian myocardium. II. Pattern of inotropic effects of the optical isomers

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
R BayerR Mannhold


On isotonically contracting cat papillary muscles analysis, a comparison of the effects of the optical isomers of verapamil and D 600 and the racemic drugs was performed. 1. (-)-verapamil (0.2-3.0 mug/mo) and (-)-D-600 (0.1 mug/ml-3.0 mug/ml) leave the steady state contraction amplitudes nearly unchanged at 6/min, but produce a strong depression at 60/min. (-)-D 600 is about 8 times as effective as (-)-verapamil. The (+)-isomers exert only a moderate negative inotropic effect (particularly at low frequencies). 2. Increase of [Ca2+]O does not restitute the normal amplitude-frequency relationship during exposure to either the (-)-isomers or the (+)-isomers. 3. The (-)-isomers lead to typical biphasic staircases after step changes of frequency. A fast negative staircase occurs first followed by a rather slowly developing positive staircase. In contrast, the (+)-isomers have little influence on the usual staircase pattern. 4. The strength-interval relationship for single test contractions elicited after frequent conditioning stimulation indicated that the (-)-isomers probably slow the restitution of intracellular Ca-reavailability. The (+)-isomers have no such effects. 5. The effects produced by the (+/-)-compounds correspond quali...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Myocardial Contraction
Molecular Stereochemistry
Depression, Chemical
Optical Rotation
Electric Stimulation Technique
Felis catus

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.