Inotropic effects of ionic contrast media: the role of calcium binding additives
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis
D K MurdockP J Scanlon
Renografin-76 (RG76) regularly depresses myocardial contractility during coronary angiography. Angiovist-370 (AV370) is a contrast medium similar to RG76 except the calcium sequestering agents sodium citrate and EDTA in RG76 have been replaced by calcium EDTA (an additive that does not bind additional calcium). To determine if the calcium sequestering agents contribute to the mechanical depression produced by ionic contrast media, this study compared the inotropic response of RG76 to that of AV370. Additionally, saline solutions containing sodium citrate + EDTA and calcium EDTA at concentrations found in the respective contrast media were also compared. In 10 open chest dogs the percent change and duration of the inotropic response following intracoronary injections of RG76 and AV370, as well as solutions of sodium citrate + EDTA and calcium EDTA were compared using Walton-Brodie strain gauges. Injections, 2 cc, of RG76 and AV370 produced a biphasic response characterized by an initial negative inotropic response followed by a more prolonged positive inotropic response. The magnitude (67 +/- 3% vs 59 +/- 2%; p less than 0.001) and duration (34 +/- 3 vs 24 +/- 2 sec; p less than 0.001) of the initial negative inotropic response ...Continue Reading
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