Inotropic selectivity of salbutamol and terbutaline in anaesthetised, areflexic dogs

European Journal of Pharmacology
B EngelA H Goodman

Abstract

The cardiovascular effects of the selective beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists salbutamol and terbutaline have been evaluated in anaesthetised, areflexic dogs. The preparation was designed to reduce the effects of changes in cardiac function mediated via reflex responses to changes in blood pressure. The effects of the selective beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists on heart rate, hindlimb blood flow, left ventricular pressure, max dP/dt and (dP/dt)/IIT (integrated isometric tension) were compared to those of isoprenaline, while blood pressure was held constant. All three drugs produced dose-dependent increases in heart rate, myocardial contractility and iliac blood flow. When equiactive inotropic doses of isoprenaline and salbutamol were compared, salbutamol produced a significantly lower chronotropic effect. A similar inotropic selectivity was found when terbutaline was compared to isoprenaline. beta 2-Adrenoceptor blockade abolished this selectivity. It is concluded that, in the absence of autonomic reflex activity, the beta 2-selective adrenoceptor agonists are relatively selective inotropic stimulants.

References

Nov 10, 1977·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·E CarlssonB Tångstrand
Jan 4, 1979·The New England Journal of Medicine·E H SonnenblickT H LeJemtel
Mar 1, 1977·Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology·J A AngusA H Goodman
Jul 1, 1972·Medical & Biological Engineering·A H GoodmanL B Cobbin

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