Jul 21, 1976

Insulin and glucagon degradation by the kidney. I. Subcellular distribution under different assay condition

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
W C Duckworth


Insulin and glucagon degradation by rat kidney homogenates and subcellular fractions was examined under a variety of conditions including high and low substrate concentrations, at pH 4 and pH 7, with and without glutathione. At high insulin concentration (4.1 - 10(-5) M) insulin degradation by the homogenate was greatest at pH 4 but at low insulin concentration (1 - 10(-10) M) insulin degradation was greatest at pH 7. At either high or low glucagon concentration glucagon degradation by the homogenate was greatest at pH 7. Glutathione at pH 7 stimulated insulin degradation at high insulin concentrations and inhibited insulin degradation at low concentrations; Glucagon degradation at pH 7 was inhibited at both high and low concentrations of glucagon by glutathionemseparation of kidney into cortex and medulla prior to homogenation produced a pattern of insulin and glucagon degradation identical to the whole homogenate but glucagon degradation by the medulla was greater than by the cortex. Examination of degradation by subcellular fractions revealed that at high concentration at neutral pH most insulin was degraded by the 100 000 X g pellet but at low insulin concentrations over 90% of the activity was in the 100 000 X g supernatan...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Insulin B Chain
Subcellular Fractions
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Kidney Papilla

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.