PMID: 14747294Jan 30, 2004

Insulin secretion in type 1 diabetes

Diabetes
Chynna SteeleKevan C Herold

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes, a chronic autoimmune disease, causes destruction of insulin-producing beta-cells over a period of years. Although many markers of the autoimmune process have been described, none can convincingly predict the rate of disease progression. Moreover, there is relatively little information about changes in insulin secretion in individuals with type 1 diabetes over time. Previous studies document C-peptide at a limited number of time points, often after a nonphysiologic stimulus, and under non-steady-state conditions. Such methods do not provide qualitative information and may not reflect physiologic responses. We have studied qualitative and quantitative insulin secretion to a 4-h mixed meal in 41 patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and followed the course of this response for 24 months in 20 patients. Newly diagnosed diabetic patients had an average total insulin secretion in response to a mixed meal that was 52% of that in nondiabetic control subjects, considerably higher than has been described previously. In diabetic patients there was a decline of beta-cell function at an average rate of 756 +/- 132 pmol/month to a final value of 28 +/- 8.4% of initial levels after 2 years. There was a significant cor...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Teens
Monoclonal Antibodies
C-Peptide
Diabetes, Autoimmune
Ingestion
Insulin B Chain
Receptor-CD3 Complex, Antigen, T-Cell
Late Onset Disorders
Postprandial Period
Area Under Curve

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