Insulin stimulation of glucose transport and metabolism in a human Wilms' tumor-derived myoblast-like cell line: modulation of hormone effects by glucose deprivation

Journal of Cellular Physiology
S K LemmonM G Buse

Abstract

The effects of insulin and glucose on parameters of metabolism were investigated in myoblast-like (MBL) cells, a human myoblast-like cell line derived from a Wilms' tumor. Insulin responses were studied after 4 hr pre-incubation in serum free media, with or without 5 mM glucose. Insulin was added during the last 2 hr. Glucose starvation markedly increased basal glucose transport (measured as 2-deoxyglucose uptake) as well as the net uptake of [14C]glucose and [14C]glucose incorporation into glycogen. Insulin stimulated net glucose uptake and incorporation into glycogen in a dose-dependent manner in glucose-fed and starved cells. These insulin responses were markedly enhanced in glucose-starved cells. Insulin accelerated 2-deoxyglucose transport in glucose-fed cells but did not further stimulate basal glucose transport in glucose-deprived cells. Insulin increased the incorporation of [3H]leucine into protein in glucose-fed or -starved MBL cells equally. The dose of insulin required for half-maximal insulin responses was similar for all parameters studied. Cycloheximide did not prevent the increased basal glucose incorporation in glucose-starved cells, but markedly inhibited the insulin response, while in glucose-fed cells, cyclo...Continue Reading

References

Oct 1, 1979·Journal of Cellular Physiology·B V HowardP H Bennett
Feb 1, 1979·Developmental Biology·A Sandra, R J Przybylski
Jun 1, 1979·Journal of Cellular Physiology·R J Germinario, M Oliveira
Jan 1, 1977·Journal of Supramolecular Structure·H AmosH Asdourian
Jan 1, 1978·In Vitro·I HayashiG Sato
Dec 29, 1978·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·A FranchiJ Pouyssegur
Jul 1, 1972·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·J R MendellW K Engel
Sep 1, 1982·Journal of Cellular Physiology·R J GerminarioM Taylor
May 1, 1981·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·B C ReedM D Lane

Related Concepts

Actidione
Deoxyglucose
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Glycogen
Growth Inhibitors
Novolin
Leucine
Muscle
Bilateral Wilms Tumor
Protein Biosynthesis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.