Integrated effects of multiple modulators on human liver glycogen phosphorylase a

American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
N Ercan-FangF Q Nuttall


Hepatic glucose production is increased in people with type 2 diabetes. Glucose released from storage in liver glycogen by phosphorylase accounts for approximately 50% of the glucose produced after an overnight fast. Therefore, understanding how glycogenolysis in the liver is regulated is of great importance. Toward this goal, we have determined the kinetic characteristics of recombinant human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa) (active form) and compared them with those of the purified rat enzyme (RLGPa). The Michaelis-Menten constant (K(m)) of HLGPa for P(i), 5 mM, was about fivefold greater than the K(m) of RLGPa. Two P(i) (substrate) concentrations were used (1 and 5 mM) to cover the physiological range for P(i). Other effectors were added at estimated intracellular concentrations. When added individually, AMP stimulated, whereas ADP, ATP and glucose inhibited, activity. These results were similar to those of the RLGPa. However, glucose inhibition was about twofold more potent with the human enzyme. UDP-glucose, glucose 6-phosphate, and fructose 1-phosphate were only minor inhibitors of both enzymes. We reported previously that when all known effectors were present in combination at physiological concentrations, the net ...Continue Reading


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