Oct 24, 2018

Integrated in vivo quantitative proteomics and nutrient tracing reveals age-related metabolic rewiring of pancreatic β-cell function

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Matthew WorthamMaike Sander

Abstract

Pancreatic β-cell physiology changes substantially throughout life; yet, the mechanisms that drive these changes are poorly understood. Here, we performed comprehensive in vivo quantitative proteomic profiling of pancreatic islets from adolescent and one-year-old mice. The analysis revealed striking differences in abundance of enzymes controlling glucose metabolism. We show that these changes in protein abundance are associated with higher activities of glucose metabolic enzymes involved in coupling factor generation as well as increased activity of the coupling factor-dependent amplifying pathway of insulin secretion. Nutrient tracing and targeted metabolomics demonstrated accelerated accumulation of glucose-derived metabolites and coupling factors in islets from one-year-old mice, indicating that age-related changes in glucose metabolism contribute to improved glucose-stimulated insulin secretion with age. Together, our study provides the first in-depth characterization of age-related changes in the islet proteome and establishes metabolic rewiring as an important mechanism for age-associated changes in β-cell function.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Study
In Vivo
Biochemical Pathway
Cellular Process
Structure of Beta Cell of Islet
Enzymes, antithrombotic
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Nutrients
Proteomics

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