Mar 23, 2020

Integrated metabolomics and proteomics of symptomatic and early pre-symptomatic states of colitis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
E. ShimshoniPaola Turano


Two murine models for colitis were used to study multi-level changes and derive molecular signatures of colitis onset and development. By combining metabolomics data on tissues and fecal extracts with proteomics data on tissues, we provide a comprehensive picture of the metabolic profile of acute and chronic states of the disease, and most importantly, of two early pre-symptomatic states. We show that, increased anaerobic glycolysis, accompanied by altered TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation, associates with inflammation-induced hypoxia taking place in colon tissues. We also demonstrate significant changes in the metabolomic profiles of fecal extracts in different colitis states, most likely associated with the dysbiosis characteristic of colitis, as well as the dysregulated tissue metabolism. Most remarkably, strong and distinctive tissue and fecal metabolomic signatures can be detected before onset of symptoms. These results highlight the diagnostic potential of global metabolomics for inflammatory diseases.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Ryanodine Receptor 3
Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
Calcium Signaling
Calcium ion
RYR3 gene

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