DOI: 10.1101/453712Oct 25, 2018Paper

Integrating molecular markers and environmental covariates to interpret genotype by environment interaction in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in temperate areas

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Eliana MonteverdeSusan R McCouch


Understanding the genetic and environmental basis of genotype × environment interaction (G×E) is of fundamental importance in plant breeding. If we consider G×E in the context of genotype × year interactions (G×Y), predicting which lines will have stable and superior performance across years is an important challenge for breeders. A better understanding of the factors that contribute to the overall grain yield and quality of rice ( Oryza sativa L.) will lay the foundation for developing new breeding and selection strategies for combining high quality, with high yield. In this study, we used molecular marker data and environmental covariates (EC) simultaneously to predict rice yield, milling quality traits and plant height in untested environments (years), using both reaction norm models and partial least squares (PLS), in two rice breeding populations ( indica and tropical japonica ). We also sought to explain G×E by differential quantitative trait loci (QTL) expression in relation to EC. Our results showed that PLS models trained with both molecular markers and EC gave better prediction accuracies than reaction norm models when predicting future years. We also detected several milling quality QTL that showed a differential exp...Continue Reading

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