Nov 2, 2018

Integrative inference of brain cell similarities and differences from single-cell genomics

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Joshua WelchEvan Macosko

Abstract

Defining cell types requires integrating diverse measurements from multiple experiments and biological contexts. Recent technological developments in single-cell analysis have enabled high-throughput profiling of gene expression, epigenetic regulation, and spatial relationships amongst cells in complex tissues, but computational approaches that deliver a sensitive and specific joint analysis of these datasets are lacking. We developed LIGER, an algorithm that delineates shared and dataset-specific features of cell identity, allowing flexible modeling of highly heterogeneous single-cell datasets. We demonstrated its broad utility by applying it to four diverse and challenging datasets from human and mouse brain cells. First, we defined both cell-type-specific and sexually dimorphic gene expression in the mouse bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, an anatomically complex brain region that plays important roles in sex-specific behaviors. Second, we analyzed gene expression in the substantia nigra of seven postmortem human subjects, comparing cell states in specific donors, and relating cell types to those in the mouse. Third, we jointly leveraged in situ gene expression and scRNA-seq data to spatially locate fine subtypes of cells...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Single-Cell Analysis
DNA Methylation [PE]
Research Subject
Autopsy
Definition
Spatial Distribution
Brain
DNA Methylation
Sequence Determinations
Substantia Nigra Structure

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