Apr 4, 2013

Integrons: Vehicles and pathways for horizontal dissemination in bacteria

Mobile Genetic Elements
Sara DominguesKaare M Nielsen


Integrons are genetic elements first described at the end of the 1980s. Although most integrons were initially described in human clinical isolates, they have now been identified in many non-clinical environments, such as water and soil. Integrons are present in ≈10% of the sequenced bacterial genomes and are frequently linked to mobile genetic elements (MGEs); particularly the class 1 integrons. Genetic linkage to a diverse set of MGEs facilitates horizontal transfer of class 1 integrons within and between bacterial populations and species. The mechanistic aspects limiting transfer of MGEs will therefore limit the transfer of class 1 integrons. However, horizontal movement due to genes provided in trans and homologous recombination can result in class 1 integron dynamics independent of MGEs. A key determinant for continued dissemination of class 1 integrons is the probability that transferred MGEs will be vertically inherited in the recipient bacterial population. Heritability depends both on genetic stability as well as the fitness costs conferred to the host. Here we review the factors known to govern the dissemination of class 1 integrons in bacteria.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Homologous Recombination
Mobile Genetic Elements
Genome, Bacterial
Genetic Linkage
Homologous Recombination Pathway

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.