Jun 1, 1979

Intellectual and personality differences between community-living and institutionalized older adult females

Experimental Aging Research
P E Panek, M C Rush


The purpose of the present study was to investigate simultaneously differences between normal institutionalized older adults and community-living older adults with respect to intelligence/cognitive test performance and personality. Participants were 25 community-living females (M age = 72.9 yrs, SD = 6.34) and 25 institutionalized females (M age = 80.0 yrs, SD = 6.46). Intellectual/cognitive ability was assessed by the WAIS, Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Form L-M), Ravens Coloured Progressive Matrices; personality was assessed by the Hand Test, a projective technique. Several multivariate analyses (discriminant analysis) were conducted. Results suggested that even when controlling for age and level of education, institutionalization appears to be associated with intellectual/cognitive as well as personality deficits. The findings were discussed in terms of the potential implications for the professional working with institutionalized older adults.

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  • Citations7


Mentioned in this Paper

Individual Adjustment
Nursing Homes
L Forms
Social Ecology
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Assessment Scale)
Performance Tests
Personality Disorders
Test of the Hand
Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale

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