DOI: 10.1101/481267Nov 29, 2018Paper

Intelligible speech synthesis from neural decoding of spoken sentences

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gopala K AnumanchipalliEdward F Chang

Abstract

The ability to read out, or decode, mental content from brain activity has significant practical and scientific implications. For example, technology that translates cortical activity into speech would be transformative for people unable to communicate as a result of neurological impairment. Decoding speech from neural activity is challenging because speaking requires extremely precise and dynamic control of multiple vocal tract articulators on the order of milliseconds. Here, we designed a neural decoder that explicitly leverages the continuous kinematic and sound representations encoded in cortical activity to generate fluent and intelligible speech. A recurrent neural network first decoded vocal tract physiological signals from direct cortical recordings, and then transformed them to acoustic speech output. Robust decoding performance was achieved with as little as 25 minutes of training data. Naive listeners were able to accurately identify these decoded sentences. Additionally, speech decoding was not only effective for audibly produced speech, but also when participants silently mimed speech. These results advance the development of speech neuroprosthetic technology to restore spoken communication in patients with disabli...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Cerebral Cortex
Persons
Nervous System Disorder
Neuroma
Speech
Structure of Vocalis Muscle
Psyche Structure
Research Activities
Kinematics

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