Nov 5, 2018

Intense and sustained pain reduces cortical responses to auditory stimuli: implications for the interpretation of Heterotopic Noxious Conditioning Stimulation in humans

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Diana TortaJose Biurrun-Manresa

Abstract

Phasic pain stimuli are inhibited when they are applied concomitantly with a conditioning tonic stimulus at another body location (Heterotopic Noxious Conditioning Stimulation, HNCS). While this effect is thought to rely on a spino-bulbo-spinal mechanism in animals (Diffuse Noxious Inhibitory Controls, DNIC), the underlying neurophysiology in humans may further involve other pathways. In this study, we investigated the role of supraspinal mechanisms in HNCS by presenting auditory stimuli during a conditioning tonic painful stimulus (the Cold Pressor Test, CPT). Considering that auditory stimuli are not conveyed through the spinal cord, any changes in brain responses to auditory stimuli during HNCS can be ascribed entirely to supraspinal mechanisms. High-density electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded during HNCS and auditory stimuli were administered in three blocks, before, during, and after HNCS. Nociceptive Withdrawal Reflexes (NWRs) were recorded at the same time points to investigate spinal processing. Our results showed that AEPs were significantly reduced during HNCS. Moreover, the amplitude of the NWR was significantly diminished during HNCS in most participants. Given that spinal and supraspinal mechanisms operate co...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Examination of Reflexes
Study
Spinal Diseases
Biochemical Pathway
Electroencephalography
Dinitrosyl-iron Complex Binding
Neurophysiology - Biologic Function
Malignant Neoplasm of Spinal Cord
Neurological System Process
CPT Protocol

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