Inter-relationship of sodium, chloride, bicarbonate and acetate transport by the colon of the pig

The Journal of Physiology
R A Argenzio, S C Whipp


1. Net transport of Na, Cl, HCO3 and acetate was examined in the temporarily isolated colon of conscious pigs weighing 46 +/- 8 kg. 2. The entire colon absorbs 4.1 ml. H2O, 0.8 m-equiv Na, 1.3 m-equiv acetate and secretes 0.5 m-equiv HCO3/min with a solution comparable to the normal contents. The absorptive capacity of the proximal and distal halves of the colon was comparable per unit dry weight of mucosa when each segment was presented with the same solution. 3. A series of studies using ion replacement solutions showed that net Na absorption and net HCO3 accumulation in the lumen solution were both increased in the presence of acetate. Cl absorption was independent of Na absorption and was accompanied by an equivalent net secretion of HCO3 in the absence of Na. When NaCl in the perfusion solution was replaced with Na2SO4, Na and HCO3 were absorbed at equal rates. 4. Final pCO2 values observed in NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions were greater than those observed in plasma while the pCO2 of the Na acetate solution after perfusion was reduced to values below plasma concentrations. 5. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that hydration of CO2 in the lumen solution or mucosal cell provides a continuous source of H ions for absorpti...Continue Reading


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