Mar 1, 1976

Interaction between gastrointestinal hormones and endocrine regulation

Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
E F PfeifferR Ziegler

Abstract

The vicinity of several hormone-producing glands as part of the anatomy of the intestinal tract and the resulting interaction has been confirmed by the discovery of hormonal factors of a specifically gastro-intestinal origin. Today we are mainly interested in the interaction between intermediary metabolism and incretory intestinal function; this is characterized by the joint action of conventional glandular hormones such as insulin and pancreatic glucagon as well as by the incretion of diffuse intestinal organs, hormones such as secretin, pancreozymin, motilin, VIP and GIP. The latter are at present subject of active research with the object of discovering their physiological significance be it as tissue hormones or as humoral agents with a "long distance" impact; their role within pathophysiology is also of interest. GIP ("gastric inhibitory peptide"), apart form acting upon the intestinal tract, also causes a marked rise in insulin production; this GIP possibly is the factor responsible for the difference in glucose tolerance following i. v. or oral administration of glucose, something that scientists have been trying to discover for a long time. We have also endeavored to investigate somatostatin. This substance was original...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CALCA gene
Cholecystokinin
PTH protein, human
Calcitonin preparation
Glucagon (rDNA)
Gastric Ulcer
Calcium
Secretory Pathway
Complex (molecular entity)
Pancreatitis

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