Nov 6, 2015

Interaction between hepatic membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase and acireductone dioxygenase 1 regulates hepatitis C virus infection

Journal of Viral Hepatitis
M-L ChangC-T Yeh


Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) binds to and regulates the function of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains. It also physically interacts with claudin-1 and acireductone dioxygenase 1 (ADI1), both associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) cell entry. Here, we examined hepatic expression of MT1-MMP, ADI1 and claudin-1 as well as their physical interaction in relation to serum or intrahepatic HCV-RNA levels. A total of 104 liver biopsies obtained from chronic hepatitis C patients and 84 liver tissues obtained from noncancerous parts of surgically removed HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma were analysed. Positive cytoplasmic ADI1 in liver biopsies was associated with higher serum HCV-RNA levels (P = 0.009). Positive MT1-MMP and ADI1 interaction assessed by co-immunoprecipitation was associated with lower tissue HCV-RNA levels (P = 0.009). Hepatic HCV-RNA levels were positively associated with ADI1 levels in the MT1-MMP and ADI1 co-immunoprecipitates (P = 0.030). Overexpression of MT1-MMP in Huh7.5 cells suppressed cell entry of HCV pseudoparticles as well as HCVcc infection. The suppression effect could be reversed by co-expression of ADI1 in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, clinical and cell-based experiments ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Interstitial Collagenase
Tumor Virus Infections
MMP14 gene
Liver Carcinoma
ADI1 protein, human

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