Interaction in vitro of type III intermediate filament proteins with supercoiled plasmid DNA and modulation of eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I and II activities

DNA and Cell Biology
Guohong LiP Traub


To further characterize the interaction of cytoplasmic intermediate filament (cIF) proteins with supercoiled (sc)DNA, and to support their potential function as complementary nuclear matrix proteins, the type III IF proteins vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and desmin were analyzed for their capacities to interact with supercoiled plasmids containing a bent mouse gamma-satellite insert or inserts capable of non-B-DNA transitions into triplex, Z, and cruciform DNA, that is, DNA conformations typically bound by nuclear matrices. While agarose gel electrophoresis revealed a rough correlation between the superhelical density of the plasmids and their affinity for cIF proteins as well as cIF protein-mediated protection of the plasmid inserts from S1 nucleolytic cleavage, electron microscopy disclosed binding of the cIF proteins to DNA strand crossovers in the plasmids, in accordance with their potential to interact with both negatively and positively supercoiled DNA. In addition, the three cIF proteins were analyzed for their effects on eukaryotic DNA topoisomerases I and II. Possibly because cIF proteins interact with the same plectonemic and paranemic scDNA conformations also recognized by topoisomerases, but select the ...Continue Reading


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