Oct 1, 1977

Interaction of aspartate aminotransferase with mercurochrome. Relationship of an exposed thiol group of the enzyme to the active centre

The Biochemical Journal
T G KalogerakosA E Evangelopoulos


Mercurochrome strongly inhibits aspartate transaminase and 2,3-dicarboxyethylated aspartate transaminase. The native enzyme exhibits a biphasic time-course of inactivation by mercurochrome with second-order rate constants 1.62 x 10(4) M-1 - min-1 and 2.15 x 10(3) M-1 - min-1, whereas the modified enzyme is inactivated more slowly (second-order rate constant 6.1 x 10(2) M-1 - min-1) under the same conditions. The inhibitor inactivates native and modified enzyme in the absence as well as in the presence of substrates. Mercurochrome-transaminase interaction is accompanied by a red shift in the absorption maximum of the fluorochrome of about 10 nm. Difference spectra of the mercurochrome-enzyme system versus mercurochrome, compared with analogous spectra of mercurochrome-ethanol, revealed that the spectral shifts recorded during mercurochrome-transaminase interaction are similar to those that occur when mercurochrome is dissolved in non-polar solvents. Studies of mercurochrome complexes with native or modified transaminase, isolated by chromatography on Sephadex G-25, revealed that native transaminase is able to conjugate with four mercurochrome molecules per molecule, but the modified enzyme is able to conjugate with only two merc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dicarboxylic Acids
SGOT - Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase
Family suidae

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