PMID: 46681Jan 1, 1975

Interaction of contraceptive progestins and related compounds with the oestrogen receptor. Part II: Effect on (3H)oestradiol binding to the rat uterine receptor in vitro

Acta Endocrinologica
J B van KordelaarJ M van Rossum


Incubation of the 105 000 times g supernatant of rat uterus homogenate with (3H)oestradiol resulted in an oestrogen specific binding of limited capacity to a macromolecule sedimenting in the 8-9S region after density gradient centrifugation. The contraceptive progestins of the 19-nortestosterone series were able to interfere with oestradiol binding in contrast to the hydroxyprogesterone derivatives chlormadinone, medroxyprogesterone and megestrol. The interaction appeared to be competitive. The strongest inhibition of oestradiol binding was observed in the presence of ethinodiol, followed by northinodrel, lynestrenol and norethindrone respectively. Norgestrel was almost inactive. Of the related structures tested oestrenol displayed more activity than norethindrone, nortestosterone and ethisterone were less active and 6alpha-methyllynestrenol showed only border line activity. In comparison with norethinodrel and norethindrone, lynestrenol and oestrenol appeared in vitro to be stronger competitors for oestradiol than in vivo (Part I; Van Kordelaar et al. 1975). This may be due to the great difference in lipophilic character, which is reflected in the RM values of these compounds. From the results obtained it may be concluded, tha...Continue Reading

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