Nov 26, 2002

Interaction of hydrogen with metal nitrides and imides

Nature
Ping ChenKuang Lee Tan

Abstract

The pursuit of a clean and healthy environment has stimulated much effort in the development of technologies for the utilization of hydrogen-based energy. A critical issue is the need for practical systems for hydrogen storage, a problem that remains unresolved after several decades of exploration. In this context, the possibility of storing hydrogen in advanced carbon materials has generated considerable interest. But confirmation and a mechanistic understanding of the hydrogen-storage capabilities of these materials still require much work. Our previously published work on hydrogen uptake by alkali-doped carbon nanotubes cannot be reproduced by others. It was realized by us and also demonstrated by Pinkerton et al. that most of the weight gain was due to moisture, which the alkali oxide picked up from the atmosphere. Here we describe a different material system, lithium nitride, which shows potential as a hydrogen storage medium. Lithium nitride is usually employed as an electrode, or as a starting material for the synthesis of binary or ternary nitrides. Using a variety of techniques, we demonstrate that this compound can also reversibly take up large amounts of hydrogen. Although the temperature required to release the hydr...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Lithium Measurement
Uptake
Imides
Healthy Environment
Specimen Type - Electrode
Nanotubes, Carbon
Lithium antipsychotics
Lithium

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