Interaction of polyethylene glycol with cytochrome c investigated via in vitro and in silico approaches.

Scientific Reports
Zahoor Ahmad ParrayAsimul Islam

Abstract

One of the significant proteins that have attracted research groups due to virtue of being a potent selective anticancer drug target and property of triggering apoptosis upon release in cytoplasm is cytochrome c (cyt c). The mechanical transformations due to the macromolecular crowding in membrane in the mammalian cell are proposed to be useful inductors of changes in volume. It is very interesting to know that mitochondrial function were observed to be improved by polyethylene glycol (PEG) interaction, which in turn inhibits the cyt c (a pro-apoptotic cell death factor). In this work, the effect of polyethylene glycol of molecular weight 4 kilo Dalton (PEG 4 kDa) was investigated to highlight the structural transformations (tertiary and secondary structure) in cyt c using a choice of spectroscopic techniques (including UV-Vis absorption, near-UV, far-UV and Soret circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy), which shows noteworthy shifts in the secondary and tertiary structures at higher concentrations of PEG 4 kDa with small changes in the heme-globular interactions. The size distribution changes of native protein treated with various concentrations of the crowder were observed and analyzed by dynamic light scattering (D...Continue Reading

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