Jan 5, 1986

Interaction of the Escherichia coli trp aporepressor with its ligand, L-tryptophan

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
D N ArvidsonR P Gunsalus

Abstract

We have examined the interaction of the Escherichia coli trp aporepressor with its ligand, L-tryptophan, using both equilibrium dialysis and flow dialysis methods. Results obtained by the two procedures were equivalent and indicate that the trp aporepressor binds L-tryptophan with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 40 microM at 25 degrees C under standard binding assay conditions (10 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.4, 0.2 M potassium chloride, 0.1 mM EDTA, 5% glycerol). Molecular sizing of the purified trp aporepressor shows that in the absence of ligand the regulatory protein exists as a dimeric species with greater than 99% purity and an apparent molecular weight of 30,000. Under the storage and assay conditions used, the dimer appears quite stable, and essentially no monomer or higher multimeric species are detected. Analysis of binding data by Scatchard and direct linear plot methods shows two identical and independent ligand-binding sites/native trp aporepressor dimer. When examined as a function of temperature, L-tryptophan binding by trp aporepressor varied over 7-fold (Kd = 28 microM at 6.5 degrees C to Kd = 217 microM at 40 degrees C). At the optimal growth temperature for E. coli (37 degrees C), the dissociatio...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tryptophan
Glycerin
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Repressor Molecules
PMS-Tryptophan
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Binding (Molecular Function)
Dimer
Ligands Activity
Edetic Acid

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