Dec 1, 1975

Interaction of thermostable direct hemolysin of Vibrio parahaemolyticus with human erythrocytes

Biken Journal
J SakuraiT Miwatani


The interaction between thermostable direct hemolysin produced by Vibrio parahaemolyticus WP-1 and human erythrocytes was studied. The lysis of human erythrocytes by the hemolysin was dependent of temperature and no hemolysis occurred at low temperature (0-4 C), but the hemolysin was adsorbed on human erythrocytes even at low temperature. No hemolysis was observed when antihemolysin antiserum was mixed with the hemolysin and human erythrocytes at zero time. On the other hand, lysis of the cells by hemolysin was not completely inhibited when the antiserum was added during the lag time and the inhibitory effect decreased with delay in the time of addition of antiserum. The inhibitory effect of the antiserum decreased with increase in the incubation temperature, increase in the concentration of divalent cations, and decrease in pH. These results suggest that lysis of human erythrocytes by the hemolysin is at least a two-step process consisting of adsorption of the hemolysin to human erythrocytes and the step(s) following adsorption.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Cations, Divalent
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Immune Sera
Specimen Type - Erythrocytes
Red Blood Cell Count Measurement

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