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Interactions among white spruce tannins, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, and spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), on larval survival, growth, and development

Journal of Economic Entomology

Jan 2, 2007

E BauceN Carisey

Abstract

The interactions among white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, purified acetone tannin extracts (hydrolyzable and condensed tannin), Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Cry1A(c) delta-endotoxin strain HD-73 (Btk), and spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera:...read more

Mentioned in this Paper

Chemical Method
Ascorbic Acid Measurement
Hydrolyzable Tannins
Ellagitannins
Pyrogallol Tannins
Procyanidins
Tannin
Poa glauca
Maasia glauca
Insecta

Interactions among white spruce tannins, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, and spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), on larval survival, growth, and development

Journal of Economic Entomology

Jan 2, 2007

E BauceN Carisey

PMID: 17195671

DOI: 10.1603/0022-0493-99.6.2038

Abstract

The interactions among white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, purified acetone tannin extracts (hydrolyzable and condensed tannin), Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Cry1A(c) delta-endotoxin strain HD-73 (Btk), and spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera:...read more

Mentioned in this Paper

Chemical Method
Ascorbic Acid Measurement
Hydrolyzable Tannins
Ellagitannins
Pyrogallol Tannins
Procyanidins
Tannin
Poa glauca
Maasia glauca
Insecta

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