PMID: 11334837May 4, 2001Paper

Interactions between antiarrhythmic drugs and cardiac memory

Cardiovascular Research
Alexei N PlotnikovMichael R Rosen


Ventricular pacing or arrhythmias can induce cardiac memory (CM). We hypothesized that clinically administered antiarrhythmic drugs alter the expression of CM, and that the repolarization changes characteristic of CM can modulate the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs. We studied conscious, chronically-instrumented dogs paced for two 1-h periods to study the effects of drugs on the evolution of memory (protocol 1) or for 21 days (protocol 2) to observe the effects of steady-state memory on drug actions. Dogs were treated in both settings with quinidine, lidocaine or E4031, in random order, and within therapeutic serum concentration ranges. Pacing, alone, for 2 h significantly prolonged ERP only near the left ventricular pacing site, whereas pacing alone for 21 days prolonged ERP at all sites (P<0.05). Quinidine and E4031, but not lidocaine, prolonged repolarization and ERP and suppressed evolution of CM in protocol 1. However, quinidine's effect in prolonging repolarization was diminished in both protocols, while its effect in prolonging ERP was diminished in the 21-day protocol only. In contrast, the effects of E4031 were additive to those of CM, prolonging repolarization and ERP in both protocols, while lidocaine showed no chang...Continue Reading


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