PMID: 41899Nov 1, 1979

Interactions of parenteral solutions with sulphur-treated glass bottles

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
W J Passl

Abstract

Concern about limited surface durability has been the main reasons for recommendations by advisory committees and government health authorities, not to reu-use sulphur-treated soda-lime glass (type II) bottles for intravenous solutions. In order to contribute specific data, the interactions of slightly acid and neutral parenteral solutions with ammonium sulphate-treated type II glass bottles have been investigated. It was established that the amounts of silica, sodium and calcium released into the solution are not greater than the potential background contamination from the raw materials. The number of particles in the solution was well below the limits set by the British Pharmacopoieia and not much higher than the lowest background count practically achievable. On an average, bottle surfaces released less material after the first time of use. Bottle-to-bottle variations revealed by scanning electron microscopy point at problems in achieving smooth, evenly surface-treated bottle surfaces during bottle manufacture.

Related Concepts

Calcium [EPC]
Calcium
Sulfur
Surface Properties
Parenteral Route of Drug Administration
Glass (Substance)
Cations
Solutions
Drug Storage
Silica Measurement

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Related Papers

Waste Management & Research : the Journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA
Andrea PokornyCarlos Pérez Bergmann
Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Nathalie Tufenkji, Menachem Elimelech
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Alberto Ruiz, Peter B Nagy
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved