May 5, 1987

Interchain disulfide bond formation in types I and II procollagen. Evidence for a protein disulfide isomerase catalyzing bond formation

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J Koivu, R Myllylä


The assembly of reduced pro-alpha chains of type I and type II procollagen into the native triple-helical molecule was examined in vitro in the presence and absence of pure protein disulfide isomerase. The data clearly indicates that protein disulfide isomerase is able to accelerate the formation of native interchain disulfide bonds in these procollagens. It takes about 6 min after disulfide bonding before triple-helical molecules exist, while the time required to produce triple-helical type I procollagen in the presence of protein disulfide isomerase is 9.4 min and that for type II procollagen 17.2 min. These values agree with those obtained for type I and II procollagen in vivo suggesting that protein disulfide isomerase is also an enzyme catalyzing interchain disulfide bond formation in procollagen in vivo. The formation of native disulfide bonds can proceed without any enzyme catalysis but then requires the presence of reduced and oxidized glutathione. Bonding is rather slow in such a case, however, resulting in a delay in the formation of the triple helix.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Triple Helix
Glutathione Disulfide
Procollagen Type II
Procollagen Type I
Chick Embryo
COL1A2 gene

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