Interference of the PAF-acether antagonist BN 52021 with endotoxin-induced hypotension in the guinea-pig

S AdnotB B Vargaftig


Because of the potential role of PAF-acether in the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock, we examined the preventive and curative effects of BN 52021, a new PAF-acether antagonist in guinea-pig challenged with S. Typhimurium endotoxin. A biphasic reduction of mean arterial pressure was elicited by i.v. endotoxin (300 micrograms/kg) in control animals, with a rapid drop of blood pressure (maximal decrease within 10 min), partial recovery at 20 min and a second gradual decrease after 30 min. Treatment with BN 52021 injected 15 min prior to endotoxin reduced the initial rapid drop of blood pressure from 38.5 +/- 5 mmHg in vehicle-treated controls (n = 15) to 17 +/- 3 mmHg (p less than 0.01) in animals treated with 1 mg/kg BN 52021(n = 10) and to 9.5 +/- 8 mmHg (p less than 0.01) in guinea-pigs treated with 6 mg/kg BN 52021 (n = 5). The early hypotensive phase was associated with severe thrombocytopenia-leukopenia; only the thrombocytopenia was reduced by BN 52021. The prolonged secondary phase of hypotension was reduced by BN 52021 pretreatment whereas a small increase of hematocrit persisted. The two phases of the arterial pressure profile during endotoxic shock were not observed in animals previously made thrombopenic by rabbit and a...Continue Reading


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