Apr 1, 1992

Interleukin-1 alpha and interleukin-1 beta in preterm and term human parturition

American Journal of Reproductive Immunology : AJRI
R RomeroC A Dinarello


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the mechanism of human parturition in the setting of infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of labor (term and preterm) and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity on amniotic fluid (AF) concentrations IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. AF was retrieved by transabdominal amniocentesis from the following groups of women: midtrimester genetic amniocentesis (16 to 18 wk) (N = 15), preterm labor with intact membranes (21 to 36 wk) with or without infection (N = 72), preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) (N = 88), and term not in labor or in active labor with or without infection (N = 58). AF was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as Mycoplasmas. IL-1 was measured with a commercially available immunoassay validated for AF (sensitivity: IL-1 alpha, 157 pg/ml; IL-1 beta, 50 pg/ml). All women at midtrimester had undetectable AF IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. Among women in preterm labor with positive AF cultures, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta were detectable in the AF in 86.6% (13/15) and 100% (15/15), respectively. In contrast, all women with negative AF cultures without labor (N = 36) had undetectable AF IL-1 alpha concentrations and 52.7% (19/36) had undet...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Tissue Membrane
Normal Labor
Amniotic Fluid - Specimen Type
Labor (Childbirth)
Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes
Mycoplasmatales (bacterium)

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