PMID: 2011918Mar 1, 1991Paper

Interleukin 6 inhibits human thyroid peroxidase gene expression

Acta Endocrinologica
T TominagaS Nagataki


It has been reported that cytokines, especially interleukin 1 and interferon-gamma, inhibit the thyroid hormone secretion and the gene expression of human thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin. Interleukin 6 has recently been found to be an important cytokine for the regulation of immunoendocrine interaction and intrathyroidal production of interleukin 6 has been reported. Therefore, we investigated the regulation of thyroid hormone secretion and thyroid peroxidase messenger RNA by interleukin 6 in human thyrocytes to clarify further the functional role of interleukin 6 in thyroid glands. Thyrocytes dispersed from Graves' thyroid tissues were incubated with TSH with or without interleukin 6. TSH (5 U/l) stimulated the expression of thyroid peroxidase mRNA transcripts (4.0, 3.2, 2.1, and 1.7 kb, respectively), although unstimulated thyrocytes contained the low level of 3.2 kb thyroid peroxidase mRNA transcript. Interleukin 6 (10(4)-10(5) U/l) inhibited TSH-induced thyroid peroxidase mRNA in a dose-dependent manner, although the basal level of thyroid peroxidase mRNA expression was not suppressed by interleukin 6. Interleukin 6 also inhibited 8-bromo-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-induced thyroid peroxidase mRNA levels. In contras...Continue Reading


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