DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/gt2020-15356Jan 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Intermittency, Secondary Bifurcation and Mixed-Mode Oscillations in a Swirl-Stabilized Annular Combustor: Experiments and Modeling

Samarjeet SinghAsalatha Nair

Abstract

We experimentally study thermoacoustic transitions in an annular combustor consisting of sixteen premixed, swirl-stabilized turbulent flames. We show the changes in the characteristics of bifurcations leading to the state of longitudinal thermoacoustic instability (TAI) when equivalence ratio and bulk velocity are systematically varied. Depending upon the bulk velocity, we observe different states of combustor operation when the equivalence ratio is varied. These states include combustion noise, intermittency, low-amplitude TAI, mixed-mode oscillations (MMO), and high-amplitude TAI. We closely examine the special case of MMO that is encountered during the transition from low-amplitude TAI to high-amplitude TAI. We also discuss the global and local flame dynamics observed during the state of MMO. We find that during epochs of low-amplitude oscillations of MMO, all the flames are partially synchronized, while during epochs of high-amplitude oscillations, all the flames are perfectly synchronized. Finally, we replicate the criticalities of bifurcation of the annular combustor in a phenomenological model containing sixth-order nonlinearities.

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved