May 1, 1976

Internal mammary artery bypass graft in reoperative myocardioal revascularization

The American Journal of Cardiology
F D LoopM J Irarrazaval


Thirty-two consecutive patients who earlier received indirect or direct myocardial revascularization underwent reoperation with one or more internal mammary artery grafts either alone or in combination with saphenous vein grafts. The main indication for reoperation was graft closure or progression of coronary atherosclerosis in nongrafted vessels, or both. Graft construction was performed under normothermic perfusion and anoxic arrest with interrupted suture technique. No intraoperative infarctions or hospital deaths occurred. All patients are alive after an average follow-up period of 20 months, and two thirds are asymptomatic. Arteriography after reoperation in nine patients revealed patency of eight of nine internal mammary artery and five of five secondary vein grafts. When angiographic and symptomatic indications for reoperation exist, the internal mammary artery bypass graft has become a valuable alternative, particularly for patients with small coronary vessels or previous vein graft failure.

  • References8
  • Citations4


Mentioned in this Paper

Great Saphenous Vein Structure
Coronary Artery Disease
Entire Vein
Pancreatitis, Graft
Saphenous Vein
Coronary Vessels
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
Transplantation, Autologous
Structure of Internal Thoracic Artery

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