Sep 21, 2004

Interneurons of the neocortical inhibitory system

Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
Henry MarkramCai Zhi Wu

Abstract

Mammals adapt to a rapidly changing world because of the sophisticated cognitive functions that are supported by the neocortex. The neocortex, which forms almost 80% of the human brain, seems to have arisen from repeated duplication of a stereotypical microcircuit template with subtle specializations for different brain regions and species. The quest to unravel the blueprint of this template started more than a century ago and has revealed an immensely intricate design. The largest obstacle is the daunting variety of inhibitory interneurons that are found in the circuit. This review focuses on the organizing principles that govern the diversity of inhibitory interneurons and their circuits.

Mentioned in this Paper

Neural Inhibition
Resting Potentials
Neurons
Brain
Synaptic Transmission
Ion Channel
Axon
Synapses
Interneurons
Neocortex

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