DOI: 10.1101/367094Jul 11, 2018Paper

Interplay between the epigenetic enzyme lysine (K)-specific demethylase 2B and Epstein-Barr virus infection.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Romina C Vargas-AyalaRosita Accardi


Histone modifier lysine (K)-specific demethylase 2B (KDM2B) plays a role in hematopoietic cells differentiation and its expression appears to be deregulated in certain cancers of hematological and lymphoid origins. We have previously found that KDM2B gene is differentially methylated in cell lines derived from the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated endemic Burkitt's lymphomas (eBL) compared to EBV negative sporadic BL cells. However, whether KDM2B plays a role in eBL development has never been previously demonstrated. Oncogenic viruses have been shown to hijack the host cell epigenome to complete their life cycle and to promote the transformation process by perturbing cell chromatin organization. Here we investigated whether EBV would alter KDM2B levels to enable its life cycle and promote B-cells transformation. We show that infection of B-cells with EBV leads to down-regulation of KDM2B levels. We also show that LMP1, one of the main EBV transforming proteins, induces increased DNMT1 recruitment to KDM2B gene and augments its methylation. By altering KDM2B levels and performing chromatin immunoprecipitation in EBV infected B-cells, we were able to show that KDM2B is recruited to the EBV gene promoters and inhibits their expr...Continue Reading

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