Oct 25, 2018

Interplay of protein disorder in retinoic acid receptor heterodimer and its corepressor regulates gene expression

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Tiago N. CordeiroPau Bernado

Abstract

The retinoic acid receptors (RARs) form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and control gene transcription in response to ligand binding and via allosteric activation of the C-termini helix (helix H12) of its ligand-binding domain. Herein we show that in the absence of ligand, helices H12 of RXR and RAR are disordered. The selective RAR agonist, Am580, induces folding of H12, whereas in the presence of the inverse agonist BMS493, H12 stays mostly disordered. These results substantiate a link between the structural dynamics of H12 and RXR/RAR heterodimer biological functions, and highlight disordered-to-order transition as an essential mechanism for retinoic acid mediated regulation. Unliganded RAR exerts a strong repressive activity allowed by the recruitment of transcriptional corepressors and establishment of a corepressor complex in the promoter region of target genes. The human regulatory complex of the RARα bound to the full-length interaction domain of the corepressor N-CoR was studied by integrating several experimental (SAXS, X-ray crystallography, NMR, CD, AUC) and computational data. Unexpectedly, we found that, while mainly intrinsically disordered, the N-CoR presents partially evolutionary conserved struct...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Retinoid X Receptors
Co-Repressor Proteins
Exertion
Molecular Helix
Ligand Binding
NCOR1 protein, human
Regulation of Biological Process
Protoplasm
Transcription, Genetic
Candidate Disease Gene

About this Paper

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.